Chap. 13-19: Baroque Music Basic concepts Baroque: implies distortion, excess, 1600 to 1730-1750 -Early Italian developments: Monteverdi, Cavalli, Carissimi -importance of rhetoric, "affect" -rise of solo song, monody, "musiche" -rise of basso continuo accompaniment -theatrical music: opera, oratorio, cantata (monody) -emphasis on extremes of range, volume, other contrasts French developments, Louis XIV: Lully, Charpentier -institutions: "24 violins," chamber, "stable," chapel -opera and ballet (emphasis on dance, royal pageantry) -redesign of woodwind instruments (Hotteterre) -rise of orchestra (string band plus pairs of winds) with conductor -French overture, suite, prelude Later Italian developments: Scarlatti, Corelli, Vivaldi -opera seria, dominance of da capo aria design -sonata develops into multi-movement form trio or solo sonata, also da chiesa, da camera -concerto: expansion of sonata ("concerto grosso") (Corelli) -multi-section ritornello fast movement (Torelli) three movement form (Vivaldi) Composers in other countries knew both French and Italian styles, alluded to both. Purcell, Bach, Handel, F. Couperin, Rameau -Handel dominated by Italian influence, but orchestral suites (Water Music, Fireworks Music) in French style -Bach encounters Vivaldi abt. 1713, pervasive influence of ritornello concerto style in most of his later works! Review terms seconda prattica recitative monody aria arioso cantata oratorio Camerata basso continuo ostinato (ground) stile concitato ritornello da capo aria castrato ballad opera semi-opera opera seria church cantata chaconne biblical history passion sacred concerto cornetto sonata concerto concerto grosso trio sonata ripieno episode spinning out French overture suite preludium fugue chorale prelude rondeau binary dance figured bass rhythmic inequality Louis XIV "King's Chamber" "24 Violins" "Big Stable" Water Music Royal Fireworks Music Beggar's Opera conductor Brandenburg Concertos Cantor Art of Fugue Well-Tempered Clavier Traité de l'Harmonie Monteverdi Cavalieri Caccini Viadana G. Gabrieli Cavalli Cesti Schütz Praetorius Pachelbel Buxtehude Purcell Lully F. Couperin Rameau Legrenzi Torelli Corelli Vivaldi A. Scarlatti D. Scarlatti J.S.Bach Handel Telemann
The final exam is Monday, December 8 at noon.
Please bring a fresh blue book.